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Fırat Tıp Dergisi
2015, Cilt 20, Sayı 3, Sayfa(lar) 161-164
[ Turkish ] [ Tam Metin ] [ PDF ]
Urinary Tract Infections in Renal Transplant Patients: Prevelance, Agents and Risk Factors
Şafak KAYA1, Nurettin AY2, Vahaç ALP2, Ünal BEYAZIT2, Melih ANIL3, Sedat KAYA4, Mehmet Veysi BAHADIR5, Hakan TEMİZ6, Fulya BİLMAN7, Ramazan DANIŞ3
1Diyarbakır Eğitim Araştırma Hastanesi, Enfeksiyon Hastalıkları, Diyarbakır, Türkiye
2Diyarbakır Eğitim Araştırma Hastanesi, Genel Cerrahi, Diyarbakır, Türkiye
3Diyarbakır Eğitim Araştırma Hastanesi, Nefroloji, Diyarbakır, Türkiye
4Diyarbakır Eğitim Araştırma Hastanesi, Anestezi, Diyarbakır, Türkiye
5Dicle Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Genel Cerrahi, Diyarbakır, Türkiye
6Diyarbakır Eğitim Araştırma Hastanesi, Mikrobiyoloji, Diyarbakır, Türkiye
7Menemen Devlet Hastanesi, Mikrobiyoloji, Diyarbakır, Türkiye

Objective: Infection are encountered in 75% of patients who underwent renal transplantation which is the most successful method of treatment among selected patients with end-stage renal failure in the first year. We wanted to determine the infection ingredients and risk factors of urinary tract infection (UTI) after renal transplantation by patients in a newly-established transplant center in our hospital.

Material and Method: Fourty-two patients were included to this study. Patients age, gender, chronic renal failure etiology, pretransplant dialysis types and duration, received immunosuppressive therapy, duration of hospitalization during transplantation, whether cadaveric or living donor, reproducing infectious agents were studied retrospectively and data were recorded.

Results: Of 42 patients, in 12 (31%) UTI was observed in the first 6 months after renal transplantation. The four of these patients revealed at least two episodes of infection. Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumonia were found to be the most isolated microorganisms. When comparing the two groups with and without UTI, length of stay during transplantation was significantly different between the two groups (p=0.001)

Conclusion: UTI in renal transplant patients is important. In patients who underwent kidney transplantation in our hospital, length of stay during transplantation is an increased risk of UTI. To reduce the risk of urinary tract infection, duration of hospitalization should be minimized.

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